Binary fission , asexual reproduction by a separation of the body into two new bodies. In the process of binary fission, an organism duplicates its genetic material, or deoxyribonucleic acid DNA , and then divides into two parts cytokinesis , with each new organism receiving one copy of DNA. Binary fission is the primary method of reproduction of prokaryotic organisms. In protists , binary fission is often differentiated into types, such as transverse or longitudinal, depending on the axis of cell separation. Regular transverse fission in some organisms, such as tapeworms and scyphostome polyps , is called strobilation.
BINARY FISSION | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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What is binary fission?
Fission , in biology, is the division of a single entity into two or more parts and the regeneration of those parts to separate entities resembling the original. The object experiencing fission is usually a cell , but the term may also refer to how organisms , bodies, populations , or species split into discrete parts. Organisms in the domains of Archaea and Bacteria reproduce with binary fission. This form of asexual reproduction and cell division is also used by some organelles within eukaryotic organisms e. Binary fission results in the reproduction of a living prokaryotic cell or organelle by dividing the cell into two parts, each with the potential to grow to the size of the original.
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